Sir Gawain Many works of literature from the same era often have similar story lines and themes. In the epic poems of Beowulf and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, both of these epic poems seem to have much in common.
For years, following a course on paleography from Professor Jean Preston, then Curator of Rare Books at Princeton University Library, I would purchase manuscript leaves, hoping to use Beowulf vs sir gawain essay example in teaching such courses to scholars desiring to edit medieval texts.
But later living as a hermit in one room above Florence did not give me space to teach nor a spare room to give hospitality to such a scholar.
So this screen became the classroom, you the student. That has now all changed. The Times said the earliest intact codex to survive was found under the head of a twelve-old slave girl buried in a pauper's grave in Egypt, that it was her beloved Psalter Times 14 September But the early Christians were still using rotuli, a fresco of St Petronilla, St Peter's daughter, showing her in the Catacombs of Domitilla with a circular leather box, a capsa, stuffed full of such rotuli, an entire Bible, at her side, a bound Bible as codex at her side.
Veneranda escorted by St Petronilla with Bible Catacomb of Domitilla, Cubicle of Veneranda, after Book production shifted from Rome with its decline, due to the breaking of the aquaducts, the cooking in lead pots, leading to impure water, brain damage, malaria, to the periphery, the margins.
These Anglo-Saxon monks brought back to Wearmouth Jarrow Cassiodorus' fine library, amongst the books Cassiodorus' great pandect of the Bible, from which were copied such works as the Lindisfarne Gospels, a portion of a folio shown below, and the Codex Amiatinuswhich then made its way back to Italy, being today in the Biblioteca Laurenziana in Florence.
A cat plays with birds in the margin. This is scanned from the Mouse Pad on sale in their Bookshop. Compare this work with embroidery. It can also be found in metal work, as at the Sutton Hoo ship burial. Manuscripts, as in the Lindisfarne Gospels, the Book of Kells, could be exquisitely decorated.
Moreover, medieval manuscript pages of script, with alternating reds and greens in earlier ones, as with the vitae of Saints Pega and Guthlacreds and blues in later ones, were not only pleasing to the eye, but deliberately memorable to the brain. Mary Carruthers writes of this in The Book of Memory: A Study of Meaning in Medieval Culture.
This Julian of Norwich, Showing of LoveWebsite replicates the colouring of medieval manuscripts for this same reason, to make its screens of texts both pleasurable and memorable. Its background colour is the goldivory chriselephantine of parchment and vellum, of once living and thus organic origin, its brown font, that of hand-made inks in scriptoria, jazzed up freely with shimmering gold leafthe glorious primary colours of redand blue or, earlier, green, their neon lighting, their 'dayglo' psychedelic colouring.
Our young people hunger for such beauty in the sacred written page, producing it clandestinely, in revolt, on railway carriages and railroad tunnels as graffitti. I remember, but do not have the citation to, an article by Norman Mailer on this aspect.
Once, on a manuscript scrounge in Belgium, from a train I saw on the side of a barn the most glorious purple background upon which were golden letters of imperial codices. We scroll through texts on screen as once had Greeks and Romans through their rotuli of papyri before the Christians invented the bound codex.
Moreover, medieval texts were first written out impermanently, like e-mails, on diptyches, hinged wax tablets, as we see with Hildegard von Bingen Hildegard of Bingen writing on hinged wax tablets, bottom left, Lucca Manuscript Jan van Ruusbroec writing on wax tablets, his scribe entering the text upon parchment.
For two digitalized manuscripts of Birgitta's Revelationes in their entirety: If we look carefully at both miniatures a word derived from the minium, the red, used for rubricating and decorating manuscripts, rather than tininesswe can see that Hildegard is first given a scroll from the hand of God, Ruusbroec inspired by the Dove of the Spirit.
Writing in the Middle Ages was a communal act, communing with God and with one's book producer. We ourselves on the Internet can return to the glorious colours of Egyptian, Roman and medieval texts, lost with the cost-effectiveness of printed books of black on white.
And for us colour, even gold, even light itself, unlike what it was for medieval scribes and their rubricatorsis free.
Best of all is to carry out this task, as did medieval contemplatives, in prayer, in sacred conversation, with God, who gave us the promise of the rainbow, for all, young and old, schooled and self-teaching. In the Amherst Manuscriptwhich is possibly written during Julian's lifetime, we may be seeing in its corrections, Julian's own hand putting in lines her scribe has missed.
If you want to study paleography seriously I suggest the now online Otto F.
Ege Portfolioand the following manuscript leaves, as worthy of study. As with languages, keep pushing yourself to understand their written words, and attempt to hear them in your mind. Medieval reading was not silent! What they quilled and quired was even sung, gloriously: The manuscript, though giving the date, '' on its first folio, is written out circa at Brigittine Syon Abbey in England, most probably by a Brigittine nun wearing St Birgitta's specified black veil with white crown and cross, joined at the interstices with the five roundels signifying the five wounds of the crucified Christ.
Its script is the lovely rounded Bolognan libraria, or Book Hand, carried over from the Romanesque period, and constantly used in Italy while France and the north of Europe shifted to the spiky Gothic script. It alternates capitals in reds and blues, which, as we noted above, was a memory system used in manuscripts, both pleasing to the eye and memorable to the mind, but forgotten with the cost-effective black and white only of later printed books.
Julian's Amherst Manuscript uses similar techniques though there the capitals are all blue with red ornamental penwork flourishes. It is suggested you store these files, then call them up, and expand their images to the original sizes to study them offline. A folio is of two pages, the first side being the recto, the second the verso, and were numbered so, rather than by pagination.
Books were bound so that hair and flesh sides matched up together in the gatherings.Free Essay: A Comparison of Beowulf and Sir Gawain A hero is someone who is idealized for his courage and noble qualities. Beowulf and Sir Gawain can.
Beowulf and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Honor and courage are the supporting characteristics of an exceptional hero. Beowulf and Gawain are fascinating men that display these traits. While they display many of the same characteristics they also differ in many ways.
Many works of literature /5(4). "Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested." - Francis Bacon These are titles on The Well-Educated Mind list by Susan Wise Bauer.
Blue highlighted titles have been read and reviewed by me. Fate in Beowulf: Examples & Analysis Beowulf & Sir Gawain: Compare & Contrast Related Study Materials. Related; Quiz & Worksheet - What is a Photo Essay?
PAPYRUS, PARCHMENT, VELLUM, PAPER. edieval European manuscripts were carefully copied on to the skins of animals, on to parchment and the finer vellum, from an . A Comparison of Beowulf and Sir Gawain Essay example - A Comparison of Beowulf and Sir Gawain A hero is someone who is idealized for his courage and noble qualities.
Beowulf and Sir Gawain can certainly be called heroes.