Clefting results when there is not enough tissue in the mouth or lip area, and the tissue that is available does not join together properly. A cleft lip is a physical split or separation of the two sides of the upper lip and appears as a narrow opening or gap in the skin of the upper lip. A cleft palate is a split or opening in the roof of the mouth.
Cleft lip and cleft palate happen is one of the most common birth defects. Both cleft lip and cleft palate are treatable.
Most kids can have surgery to repair them within the first year or two of life. How Do Clefts Form? During the first 6 to 10 weeks of pregnancy, the bones and tissues of a baby's upper jaw, nose, and mouth normally come together fuse to form the roof of the mouth and the upper lip. A cleft happens when parts of the lip and mouth do not completely fuse together.
A cleft lip may just look like a small opening on the edge of the lip, or it could extend into the nose. It may also extend into the gums. A cleft palate can vary in size. Most clefts fit into one of three categories: A cleft palate is more difficult to see until the inside of a child's mouth is examined carefully after birth.
Both mothers Cleft lip palate fathers can pass on a gene or genes that cause cleft palate or cleft lip. Taking certain medicines such as some anti-seizure medications during pregnancy can increase a woman's chances of having a baby with a cleft lip or palate.
A mother's exposure to certain chemicals also may cause a cleft. Women who smoke cigarettesuse drugsor drink alcohol during pregnancy also increase their baby's risk for birth defects.
As you might imagine, cleft lip and cleft palate can affect many actions of the mouth and face. Children born with cleft lip or cleft palate might have issues related to their feeding, hearing, teeth, and speech.
But when the palate is involved, feeding can be a bigger challenge. Normally, the palate prevents food and liquids from entering the nose. It also makes it harder for babies to latch on and suck during breastfeeding or bottle feeding. As a result, a baby with a cleft palate may need a special nipple and bottle to receive pumped breast milk or formula.
Breastfeeding moms might want to talk with a lactation consultant, who can offer more guidance and suggestions.
Babies with feeding issues should be seen regularly by a doctor to make sure that they're gaining weight well. This fluid can't pass through the Eustachian yoo-STAY-shun tube as it should, which can lead to ear infections and even hearing loss.
So kids with cleft palate usually need ear tubes placed in their eardrums to help drain the fluid and improve hearing. Kids with cleft palate should have their ears and hearing checked once or twice a year, or more if they are having hearing problems.
Dental Problems Children with a cleft lip and palate often have dental problems. They may have a defect in the gums or alveolar ridge the bone that supports the teeth. Ridge defects can displace, tip, or rotate permanent teeth or prevent permanent teeth from coming in properly.
Regular visits with a pediatric dentist who specializes in cleft lip and palate are important. The dentist will check a child's mouth growth and development, identify any problems, and make treatments when needed.
Speech Problems Kids with cleft lip have fewer speech problems than those with cleft palate.
About 1 in 5 kids with cleft palate have speech problems after surgical repair. This happens because the palate doesn't move well enough to prevent air from leaking out of the nose.
How Are Clefts Treated? This team of health care professionals will work together to meet your family's needs and, ultimately, help your child transition to adult care.
Besides the pediatrician, your child's treatment team may include:Cleft lip and cleft palate are birth defects that occur when a baby's lip or mouth do not form properly. They happen early during pregnancy. They happen early during pregnancy. A baby can have a cleft lip, a cleft palate, or both.
What is the medical term meaning surgical repair of the. Cleft lip and cleft palate can occur on one or both sides of the mouth. Because the lip and the palate develop separately, it is possible to have a cleft lip without a cleft palate, a cleft palate.
Cleft lip and cleft palate are birth defects that occur when a baby's lip or mouth do not form properly. They happen early during pregnancy. A baby can have a cleft lip, a cleft palate, or both. A cleft lip happens if the tissue that makes up the lip does not join completely before birth.
The cause of cleft palate and lip isn’t known, but doctors believe that the defects occur because of both genetic and environmental factors. Genetics can play a role in the development of clefts if one or both parents pass down a .
Cleft lip and cleft palate, also known as orofacial cleft, is a group of conditions that includes cleft lip (CL), cleft palate (CP), and both together (CLP).
A cleft lip contains an opening in the upper lip that may extend into the nose. The.