All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
What Is a Copyright? Copyright is a form of intellectual property protection provided by the laws of the United States. Copyright protection is available for original works of authorship that are fixed in a tangible form, whether published or unpublished.
The categories of works that can be protected by copyright laws include paintings, literary works, live performances, photographs, movies, and software. This article provides a brief overview of what copyright is, the rights of the copyright owner, how to register a copyright, and the importance of including a copyright notice on your work.
This is the reason behind why a work must be fixed in a tangible form in order to receive copyright protection. A couple examples of works being fixed in a tangible form include stories written on paper and original paintings on canvas.
As such, the Copyright Act gives the copyright owner certain exclusive rights, including the right to: Reproduce the work Prepare "derivative works" other works based on the original work Distribute copies of the work by sale, lease, or other transfer of ownership Perform the work publicly Display the work publicly The copyright owner also has the right to authorize other people to do any of the rights mentioned above.
Copy rights copyright owner has the option and ability to transfer his or her exclusive rights -- or any subdivision of those rights -- to others as well.
The Copyright Office does not have forms for these transfers, so a transfer of copyright is usually done through a contract. It is not legally required for a transfer to be recorded with the Copyright Office, but having a legal record of the transaction is often a good idea. If an author or artist creates a work for a company or in the course of his or her employment, the creator is usually not the copyright owner.
This situation is known as a " work made for hire ," and it gives copyright ownership to the employer or person who commissioned the work. A work made for hire situation can occur when an independent contractor is hired to create a particular work, or if the work is created by an employee while he or she is on the job.
For example, if an employee writes articles for a company, the company is the copyright owner not the actual writer. Registering Your Copyright Registration with the U.
Copyright Office is not necessary to secure copyright protection in a work; however, it does have its advantages. For example, registering your copyright provides a public record of the copyright claim. Copyright registration is also necessary for works of U.
The application to register a copyright contains three basic elements: The best way to register your copyright is to do it online through the electronic Copyright Office eCO. Online filing has several advantages including a quicker processing time, lower filing fees, and the ability to track your status online.
Copyright Notice Although previously a requirement under United States law, a copyright notice is no longer required in accordance with the Berne Convention for any work created after March Please keep in mind, however, that a notice of copyright can still benefit the copyright owner.
First of all, it gives notice to the public that the work is under copyright protection. It also notifies the public who the copyright belongs to and the year in which the work was first published.
The final reason a copyright notice is a good idea is because it prevents a defendant from claiming an innocent infringement defense a claim that it was an "accidental" infringement in a copyright infringement case.
The Limits of Copyright Protection Copyright law only covers the particular form or manner in which information or ideas have been manifested, known as the "form of material expression.
For example, the Superman comic books are copyrighted, which means that they cannot be reproduced and distributed for sale without authorization from the copyright owner.Get your free day trial of Inspiration, Kidspiration, InspireData, Webspiration Classroom and WebspirationPRO.
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You may need to get copies of your medical records for a number of reasons. If you're involved in a personal injury lawsuit, medical records may be a key element in the pfmlures.com example, if you file a legal claim after a car accident, you may need to prove that the accident -- and not a previous medical condition -- caused your injuries.
Copyscape is a free plagiarism checker. The software lets you detect duplicate content and check if your articles are original.
More on the Subject Index | Bill of Rights | Additional Amendments | Printer friendly version [Constitution for the United States of America]We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do.
Welcome to the official site of the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles, with quick access to driver and vehicle online transactions and information.