Where can people find more information about bullying?
In the instantaneous electronic world of youth culture, bullying is like a virus or other diseases that have proven difficult to eradicate: Given this complexity, how should we respond to it?
Research and practice show us that a single pill or vaccine will not work. We need multiple coordinated strategies: Learn more about Our Approach To learn more about the problem of bullying and other forms of mistreatment, see The Challenges Today Amidst all this change, what's constant?
Bullying is a people problem. We cannot legislate compassion or punish students into being kind, and we cannot stop bullying with rules and policies alone. Adults cannot solve this problem alone. Youth are critical to solution.
Because they see, hear, and know things that adults don't, and they can intervene in ways adults can't. So, the challenge becomes waking up courage of youth to stand up and speak up to bullying and other forms of mistreatment and violence.
What follows is a summary of what works. Role of Bystanders "Bullying affects everyone involved, including bystanders, who often play a key role in either supporting or stopping bullying.
Vol 3, Number 4. American School Health Association. Why some children intervene and others don't In our work with more than 50, youth, we have identified a handful of common reasons that students don't speak up or take action when they witness mistreatment: The Code of Silence This study asked students how likely they'd be to report a fellow student's plans to "do something dangerous" at school.
Findings support the importance of fostering a caring climate built upon positive relationships between students and staff. Journal of Educational Psychology, Read the article here. Zero Tolerance This practice of establishing and enforcing strict and mandatory penalties for even minor infractions has been popular among educational leaders seeking to show their constituents staff, students, parents and the community at large that they are serious about creating a safe learning environment.
However, emerging research shows that zero-tolerance policies have little positive effect, and may actually decrease safety. Skiba, Zero Tolerance, Zero Evidence: Indiana Educational Policy Center, Secret Service and the U. Department of Education studied 37 school shootings involving 41 attackers over a year period, with the aim of helping schools understand how to better identify students who might pose a threat i.
However, most attackers were bullied; they also said and did things prior to the attack that indicated a need for help, and even involved other students in - or informed them of - their plans.
For these reasons, a school is better served by creating a climate free of bullying, and where students feel valued, included and connected to their school, and thus more comfortable to report to adults information about potentially dangerous situations.
Fein and others, Threat Assessment in Schools: Department of Education, Read the report here. Dan Olweus and Dr. But most of the time, they don't intervene or tell adults. Because they fear retaliation or being the next target.
They don't know what to say or do and fear they'll make it worse. And they figure adults won't believe them or won't actually solve the problem. See what else the research shows.effects of bullying are felt not only in schools but ripple through to the health care system as costs mount to treat the health conditions that are related to bullying.
school cost benefits relate not only to improved school climate and classroom management, but also to school budgets. When students leave school for . Evidence for Action is a UNICEF blog focused on data, research, policy and innovation to promote the well-being of children.
Bullying is the most frequent form of peer victimization in schools, impacting about % of all children across the United States. The effects of bullying on children have been well-documented, from psychological and physical harm, poor academic performance, alcohol and drug use, and violent.
Many programs to reduce bullying in primary and secondary schools have proven ineffective, but a new UCLA-led study finds one that works very well.
The study of more than 7, students in The Olweus Bullying Prevention Program is a comprehensive model that utilizes annual surveys, classroom curriculum, implementation resources and training. When the program is implemented as written (with fidelity to program components and principles), positive outcomes for schools include: reductions in bullying behavior, lower rates of alcohol and other drug abuse; and improved academic.
Even though this subfield is relatively new, there is a growing body of research which says that schools marked by Authoritativeness (high structure, high support) have less bullying and violence , more positive relationships , and improved academic achievement [19, .