The first time it appears in writing is in the account of Samuel de Champlain of his journey to Tadoussac inwhere it occurs as "Irocois". By Ives Goddard could write:
The American Revolution When the possibility of a clash with the British became real, New England farmers began to arm themselves and train for battle.
These troops were dubbed "minutemen" because they could be ready to fight in a minute.
This monument to the minutemen stands in Concord, Massachusetts. How could the Americans ever hope defeat the mighty British Empire in a military conflict? Americans faced seemingly impossible obstacles. When the guns fired at Lexington and Concord inthere was not yet even a Continental Army.
Those battles were fought by local militias. Few Americans had any military experience, and there was no method of training, supplying, or paying an army. Moreover, a majority of Americans opposed the war in Many historians believe only about a third of all Americans supported a war against the British at that time.
Further, the Colonies had a poor track record of working together. How, then, could a ragtag group of patriots defeat the British? Early Battles John Trumbull The Iroquois confederacy notes of Bunker Hill was not a military victory for the colonial forces, but it served as an important morale booster.
The colonists inflicted heavy casualties on the larger, more powerful British forces. The early stages of war, incan be best described as British military victories and American moral triumphs. The British routed the minutemen at Lexington, but the relentless colonists unleashed brutal sniper fire on the British returning to Boston from Concord.
In Junethe colonists failed to prevail at Bunker Hill, but inflicted heavy casualties on a vastly superior military force. A year later, inwhile the British occupied New York, Washington led his army to two surprise victories at Trenton and Princeton that uplifted the morale of the patriots.
Regardless, by the British occupied Philadelphia, the seat of the Continental Congress, and sent that body into hiding.
In fact, there was no Continental Navy to speak of at this time. Meanwhile, the British began mounting a southward attack from Canada into upstate New York. This threatened to cut New England off from the rest of the Colonies.
Saratoga and Valley Forge: Washington, having lost Philadelphia, led his troops to Valley Forge to spend the winter.
None of the world's powers had come to the aid of the patriot cause — yet. In earlythe French agreed to recognize American independence and formed a permanent alliance with the new nation.
Military help and sizable stores of much-needed gunpowder soon arrived. The tide was beginning to turn. This painting by John Trumbull is 12 feet by 18 feet and hangs in the rotunda of the U. The loss at Saratoga was humiliating. Capturing the enemy's capital, Philadelphia, did not bring them much advantage.
As long as the American Continental Army and state militias remained in the field, the British had to keep on fighting. And no matter how much damage the British did to American cities or private property, the Americans refused to surrender. This was a new type of war.
Having failed in the north, the British turned their attention to the south. They hoped to inspire Loyalist support among dissatisfied Americans — a hope that was never realized.
The threat of French naval participation kept the British uneasy.Event. Date. Global Population Statistics. The Spanish “Reconquest” of the Iberian peninsula ends in January with the conquest of Granada, the last city held by the Moors.
NATIVE AMERICAN NATIONS. Last update - September 16, Maintained by Lisa Mitten. INFORMATION ON INDIVIDUAL NATIVE NATIONS. This section contains links to pages that have either been set up by the nations themselves, or are pages devoted to a particular nation, and are ALPHABETICAL BY TRIBAL NAME.
Arawak men and women, naked, tawny, and full of wonder, emerged from their villages onto the island's beaches and swam out to get a closer look at the strange big boat.
The people of the Six Nations, also known by the French term, Iroquois  Confederacy, call themselves the Hau de no sau nee (ho dee noe sho nee) meaning People Building a Long House. Located in the northeastern region of North America, originally the Six Nations was five and included the Mohawks, Oneidas, Onondagas, Cayugas, and Senecas.
Shape-note singing: Shape-note singing, a musical practice and tradition of social singing from music books printed in shape notes. Shape notes are a variant system of Western musical notation whereby the note heads are printed in distinct shapes to indicate their scale degree and solmization syllable (fa, sol, la. Legends of the Iroquois (Myths and Legends) [Tehanetorens, Ray Fadden] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Here ancient stories are presented in pictographs with English translations. These legends carry us deep into an ancient culture and teach basic lessons about what it means to be a human being. Children are . SKYWOMAN. LEGENDS OF THE IROQUOIS, by Joanne Shenandoah and Douglas M. George, is a superb collection of Mohawk versions of traditional Iroquois tales/spirituality/spiritual history.
LEGENDS OF THE IROQUOIS, by Joanne Shenandoah and Douglas M. George, is a superb collection of Mohawk versions of traditional Iroquois tales/spirituality/spiritual history. The Iroquois League was established prior to European contact, with the banding together of five of the many Iroquoian peoples who had emerged south of the Great Lakes.
Reliable sources link the origins of the Iroquois confederacy to and an agricultural shift when corn was adopted as a staple crop. Many archaeologists and anthropologists believe that the League was formed about