The area that comprises the modern state of Italy never formed a political unit during the first 15 centuries of Christianity, and for many centuries the region was ruled by petty states. Napoleon formed the Kingdom of Italy inand by the region had attained its modern political boundaries. In it became a republic, and joined NATO as a charter member in Italy has been a major force in the political and economic unification of Europe as part of the European Economic Community EEC and adopted the euro in
For instance, according to a Doxa poll: The headquarters of the 1. The Church's world leader, the Popeis the Bishop of Romehence the special relationship between Italians and the Church—and the latter's entanglement with Italian politics see Lateran Treaty and the section below on religion and politics.
The current Pope is Francisborn Jorge Mario Bergoglio, who, before his election inis from Argentina and was the Archbishop of Buenos Aires from to his installation. Most of the leading Catholic religious ordersincluding the Jesuitsthe Salesiansthe Franciscansthe Capuchin Franciscansthe Benedectinesthe Dominicansthe Divine Word Missionariesthe Redemptoriststhe Conventual Franciscans and the Oblates of Mary Immaculatehave their headquarters in Rome too.
Most historical or, to borrow an American term, mainline Protestantsincluding the Waldensians 30, membersthe Baptists Baptist Evangelical Christian Union of Italy20,the mostly German-speaking Lutherans Lutheran Evangelical Church in Italy7,the Methodists Methodist Evangelical Church in Italy5, and minor Calvinist and Presbyterian communities, are affiliated to the Federation of Evangelical Churches in Italyalong with the Italian section of The Salvation Army and some minor Evangelical and Pentecostal denominations.
The Jewish presence dates to the pre-Christian Roman period and has continued, despite periods of extreme persecution and expulsions from parts of the country from time to time, until the present.
Native Italian Jews, who form the core of the community in Rome, practice the Italian ritebut there are also Ashkenazi Jewswho have settled in the North, especially in the lands of the former Republic of Venice VenetoFriuli-Venezia Giulia and eastern Lombardy and Piedmont, since the late Middle Agesand Sephardi Jewswho have established themselves mostly in LivornoFlorenceVenice and several cities of Emiliaafter their expulsion from the Kingdom of Naples.
By the numbers, in the country was home to around 1, Muslims and virtually 1, Orthodox Christians. Massimo Introvignefounder and director of CESNUR an Italian think tank devoted to religious studies and main author of L'enciclopedia delle religioni in Italia, predicts that, thanks to continued immigration from Eastern EuropeOrthodox Christians could soon become the country's second largest religious group, overtaking Muslims.
Introvigne recalls how Giorgio Boucharda Waldensian pastor, told him that "when he was born, the typical Italian Protestant was a man, lived in Piedmont, had a last name like Bouchard and was a Waldensian", while "today, the typical Italian Protestant believer is a woman, lives in Campania or Sicily, is named Esposito and is a Pentecostal.
Buddhists,  Hindus,  Sikhs,  and Latter-day Saints 26, The number of Catholics among Italian citizens is calculated using the latest Eurispes poll, released in January Religious denominations which have a relevant presence in the country, but for which there are no data, are included in the table.Religion in Italy Italians and Catholicism The relationship between Italians and religion is very special, pfmlures.com have been a bunch of spiritual people since before the Romans.
While the Catholic Church's long history and current strength makes it the most prominent religion in Italy, Jewish faith and culture also plays a role in Italian religion. Nearly two thousand years ago, a small number of Jews settled in the city of Rome, and they gradually accumulated in the southern part of Italy.
The Religious Demographics Of Italy Christianity is the dominant religion in Italy, with % of the population of the population being Christians. Italy's old Catholic churches, such as the Pisa Cathedral neighboring the famous Leaning Tower of Pisa, are some of its most famous sites.
Religion in Italy is characterised by the predominance of Christianity and an increasing diversity of religious practices, beliefs and denominations.
Most Christians in Italy adhere to the Catholic Church, whose headquarters are in Vatican City, Rome. The main religion in Italy is Roman Catholicism.
According to the CIA's World Factbook, 80 percent of Italians are Christian, with the vast majority of those belonging to the Roman Catholic Church. The remaining 20 percent are non-believers or agnostics, and there is a small but growing population. Italy has a unique religious heritage and 2, years of Christianity has permeated every facet of Italian life.
The Vatican City (covering 47ha/ acres and with a population of around ) was established in and is a self-contained sovereign state (the world’s smallest) within the city of Rome.