Bell H elen of Sparta was perhaps the most inspired character in all literature, ancient or modern. A whole war, one which lasted for ten years, was fought over her. Not only that, nearly all the myths of the heroic age were threaded together in such a way that this most idealized of all wars was the culmination of various exploits, including the Argonaut, the Theban wars, and the Calydonian boar hunt. It is as though this event was in the destiny of every dynasty formed from the beginning of things.
Etymology[ edit ] The etymology of Helen's name continues to be a problem for scholars. Linda Lee Clader, however, says that none of the above suggestions offers much satisfaction.
The origins of Helen's myth date back to the Mycenaean age. Her mythological birthplace was Sparta of the Age of Heroeswhich features prominently in the canon of Greek myth: The kings, queens, and heroes of the Trojan Cycle are often related to the gods, since divine origins gave stature to the Greeks' heroic ancestors.
The fall of Troy came to represent a fall from an illustrious heroic age, remembered for centuries in oral tradition before being written down. Archaeologists have unsuccessfully looked for a Mycenaean palatial complex buried beneath present-day Sparta. These mansions, destroyed by earthquake and fire, are considered by archaeologists to be the possible palace of Menelaus and Helen.
The artist has been intrigued by the idea of Helen's unconventional birth; she and Clytemnestra are shown emerging from one egg; Castor and Pollux from another.
In most sources, including the Iliad and the OdysseyHelen is the daughter of Zeus and of Ledathe wife of the Spartan king Tyndareus. In the form of a swan, the king of gods was chased by an eagle, and sought refuge with Leda.
The swan gained her affection, and the two mated. Leda then produced an egg, from which Helen emerged. Nevertheless, the same author earlier states that Helen, Castor and Pollux were produced from a single egg.
In the Cypria, Nemesis did not wish to mate with Zeus. She therefore changed shape into various animals as she attempted to flee Zeus, finally becoming a goose. Zeus also transformed himself into a goose and raped Nemesis, who produced an egg from which Helen was born. People believed that this was "the famous egg that legend says Leda brought forth".
Pausanias traveled to Sparta to visit the sanctuary, dedicated to Hilaeira and Phoebein order to see the relic for himself. Side A from an Attic red-figure bell-krater, c. Two AtheniansTheseus and Pirithousthought that since they were both sons of gods, both of them should have divine wives; they thus pledged to help each other abduct two daughters of Zeus.
Theseus chose Helen, and Pirithous vowed to marry Persephonethe wife of Hades. Theseus took Helen and left her with his mother Aethra or his associate Aphidnus at Aphidnae or Athens. Theseus and Pirithous then traveled to the underworldthe domain of Hades, to kidnap Persephone.
Hades pretended to offer them hospitality and set a feast, but, as soon as the pair sat down, snakes coiled around their feet and held them there.
Helen's abduction caused an invasion of Athens by Castor and Pollux, who captured Aethra in revenge, and returned their sister to Sparta.Michael Ealy and India an overview of the depths of a mans soul Eisley The vampire warrioress Selene. Nature isnt always sunshine and kitties This proved itself yet again recently.
In Greek mythology, Helen of Troy In the form of a swan, the king of gods was chased by an eagle, and sought refuge with Leda. The swan gained her affection, and the two mated.
Leda then produced an egg, Helen on the Ramparts of Troy was a popular theme in the late 19th-century art. illiad/odyssey study guide by trent_norris includes questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. She was mortal and immortal, he father was told as being Zeus and her mother was the Leda, the beautiful queen of Sparta. Her mother was a swan so when having Helen she was in an egg.
As she grew older all Helen’s suitors came from all over Greece, one of the men were Menelaus who she married.
Published in Yeats’ collection of Later Poems in , Leda and the Swan is a sonnet based on a myth from Greek mythology. According to Greek myth, Leda was the mother of mankind. The king of Greek gods and goddesses living on Mount Olympus, Zeus or Jupiter appeared to Leda in the form of a Swan, and made love to her.
He turned himself into a beautiful white swan and made a second try. Seeing the lovely bird, Leda stretched out her arms to embrace it—and nine months later she laid two eggs. The laws of biology aren't always fully enforced in Greek myth.