The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the end of the Cold War, and the fact that "peace" seems to be breaking out in many regions of the world. Most of these analyses lack any larger conceptual framework for distinguishing between what is essential and what is contingent or accidental in world history, and are predictably superficial. Gorbachev were ousted from the Kremlin or a new Ayatollah proclaimed the millennium from a desolate Middle Eastern capital, these same commentators would scramble to announce the rebirth of a new era of conflict.
The best reporting on social science statistics, like the best reporting in most areas, comes from The Onion: What do you think of this?
And that standard of whiteness not only erases the experience of people of color; it reflects the actual exclusion of these people in poly life and communities.
But it seems to eventually settle on a thesis that black people really are strongly underrepresented.
For the record, here is a small sample of other communities where black people are strongly underrepresented: Occupy Wall Street protesters unknown but low, one source says 1. Environmentalists various but universally low. Wikipedia contributors unknown but low. Yoga enthusiasts unknown but low.
Can you see what all of these groups have in common?
But what I noticed when I looked up those numbers was that in every case, the people involved have come up with a pat explanation that sounds perfectly plausible right up until you compare it to any other group, at which point it bursts into flames. For example, Some people explain try to explain declining black interest in baseball by appeal to how some baseball personality made some horribly racist remark.
But Donald Sterling continues to be racist as heck, and black people continue to be more than three-quarters of basketball players.
But blacks are also underrepresented in groups with precisely the opposite politics.
That they make up only 1. Blacks are more likely to endorse environmentalism than whites, but less likely to be involved in the environmentalist movement. I would guess most of the underrepresentation of black people in all of these things are for the same couple of reasons.
For example, bird-watching requires you live somewhere suburban or rural where there are interesting birds, want to waste money on binoculars, and have some free time. Swimming requires you live in an area where the schools or at least the neighborhoods have pools.
Third, the thrive-survive dichotomy says materially insecure people are going to value community and conformity more. Many of these things require leaving the general community to participate in a weird insular subculture, and that requires a sort of lack of preexisting community bonds that I think only comes with the upper middle class.
Being a black person probably already exposes you to enough stigma, without becoming a furry as well. Fifth, we already know that neighborhoods and churches tend to end up mostly monoracial through a complicated process of aggregating small acts of self-segregation based on slight preferences not to be completely surrounded by people of a different race.
Sixth, even when black people are involved in weird subcultures, they may do them separately from white people, leading white people to think their hobby is almost all white — and leading mostly white academics to miss them in their studies.
I once heard about a professor who accused Alcoholics Anonymous of being racist, on the grounds that its membership was almost entirely white.Dec 15, · HAPPINESS has traditionally been considered an elusive and evanescent thing. To some, even trying to achieve it is an exercise in futility.
It has been said that “happiness is as a butterfly. In , percent of Americans were "middle class." Twenty years later, percent were middle class, a new Census Bureau study found.
The middle-class squeeze is the situation where increases in wages fail to keep up with inflation for middle-income earners leading to a relative decline in real wages, while at the same time, the phenomenon fails to have a similar effect on the top wage pfmlures.com belonging to the middle class find that inflation in consumer goods and the housing .
In this study, which examines the changing size, demographic composition and economic fortunes of the American middle class, “middle-income” Americans are defined as adults whose annual household income is two-thirds to double the national median, about $42, to $, annually in dollars for a household of three.
3 Under this definition, the middle class made up 50% of the U.S. adult . By the mids, Japanese real wages were estimated to be at least 60% to 80% of real wages in the United States.
Apr 23, · After-tax middle-class incomes in Canada — substantially behind in — now appear to be higher than in the United States. The poor in much of Europe earn more than poor Americans. Predictably, the economic pressures facing the middle class have left families deeper in debt.. In , the median level of debt for the middle third of families stood at $32, The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
Some 90% of Japanese came to regard themselves as middle class, and Japanese workers had come to be regarded as amongst the best paid in the world. The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.